The US imports billions more goods from China each year than it exports, creating a deficit of about $375bn last year - which is what Mr Trump has railed against.
"China does not want to fight a trade war, but it is absolutely not afraid of a trade war", the commerce ministry said.
Fears of a trade war have sent jitters through global markets.
The United States has long said that intellectual property theft has cost the USA economy billions of dollars in revenue and thousands of jobs.
The United States had a record $375.2 billion goods trade deficit with China past year.
Pauline Loong: China will do its best to try and defuse the situation, China doesn't want to hit back, it wants markets.
As Beijing and Washington exchange barbs that threaten a potential trade war, health-conscious Chinese shoppers are beginning to fret over what this could mean for their pockets: a potential jump in prices for US-grown cherries and pistachios.
Before signing the measure, Trump lamented the US' multi-hundred billion dollar trade deficit with China and said the action would be "the first of many".
"I don't think unilateral tariffs imposed by the United States, not even in collaboration with its closest allies in Western Europe, are going to force China to make these drastic changes to its industrial structures".
The sectors most rattled by news of the tariffs, which could be as high as 25 percent, are the aerospace, information/communication technology, and machinery industries.
Washington has long accused Beijing of forcing United States companies to turn over proprietary commercial information and intellectual property as a condition of operating in China.
The list announced Friday was linked to Trump's steel and aluminium tariffs, but companies already were looking ahead to a battle over complaints that Beijing steals or forces companies to hand over technology.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang urged Trump on Tuesday to not act "emotionally", but the impulsive president is showing no sign of backing down.
The US claims under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) relate to China's discrimination against foreign intellectual property rights holders (Article 3) and failure to ensure patent rights for foreign patent holders (Article 28).
Low-priced manufacturing in mainland China has enabled USA technology brands to take the global market by storm and rake in massive profits, said an executive at a Chinese unit of Hon Hai, also known as Foxconn. That leaves Beijing room to take more drastic steps.
If Beijing feels it is necessary, another group of American-made goods would then draw 25 per cent tariffs, including pork, which is a lucrative slice of USA exports to China.
Following Mr Trump's move, China said it was planning to retaliate with its own set of proposed tariffs worth $3bn, including tariffs on groceries and aluminium scrap.
Washington doesn't believe it needs to give Chinese leaders another list of requests because they already know what the United States wants, said a senior U.S. official.
One of the most recent high profile examples of theft of USA intellectual property happened earlier this year.
Thomas won three straight holes to start the back nine, made a 6-foot par putt to stay in control and closed out Stanley, 2-and-1. In the championship match, he won the first five holes against Kisner, who didn't make a birdie until the 11th hole.
Anywhere between 4,000 and 10,000 transgender people are now serving as active-duty and reserve service members. Almost two-thirds (64%) of the public favor allowing transgender people to serve, while 30% oppose.
India and England will lock horns in the first Test at Birmingham after the completion of the T20I and ODI series. Kohli had dropped hints of playing in the county cricket after the Chennai Test against England in 2016.
It is not known why the whales washed up on the beach, but it is thought they were following subtropical waters around the coast. The short-finned pilot whales were spotted Friday morning on the coastline of Hamelin Bay, about 160 miles south of Perth.
Only individuals at the very highest levels of the administration would have known about the details of the call. Some lawmakers are now criticizing the president for not bringing up that issue during his call with Putin.
Ricciardo had been reported to the race stewards for going too fast under the red flag conditions midway through FP2. Saturday's Formula 1 action is due to start at 2pm, with a 60-minute third practice session.
U.S. calls the digital currency an attempt by the Venezuelan government to "circumvent United States sanctions". Other countries subject to US sanctions are now considering launching their own crypto-currencies.
Federer is favourite to win the Miami Open, while Nadal is missing the tournament in an attempt to regain his own fitness. Serving in the first set, Djokovic had an opportunity to reach 5-5, but lost five consecutive points and the set.
The elections are being held to fill the vacancies arising out of the retirement of 58 members of the upper house next month. There were 11 candidates for the 10 Rajya Sabha seats and 37 first preference votes were required for victory in each seat.
However, as headlines increased from several news outlets and social media was set ablaze, the Florence employees began to wonder. The iconic toy retailer Toys "R" Us is having a liquidation sale after it announced closures of all its USA locations.
Justin Bieber Isn't Letting a Car Accident Damper His Mood!
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